Deepening Comprehension with Six Steps of Vocabulary Instruction
Address NEW WORDS
Recognize the power of vocabulary in comprehension
Use the island graphic to represent the 5 components of reading instruction. Vocabulary instruction resides on the Island of Comprehending.
Define reader voices
Provide 4 TYPES of Vocabulary Instruction
#1 Target incidental words
Help students determine the meaning of unfamiliar words using context clues
#2 Teach Greek & Latin roots
Apply the generative principle to root study
Any word part that carries meaning is called a “root.” Therefore, prefixes, suffixes, and bases are all examples of roots. Teach students to look “inside” the word to solve new words for meaning by looking for known Greek/Latin roots.
#3 Define general-academic words
Recognize the power in academic vocabulary
Select 10-15 words per grade level
#4 Prioritize domain-specific terms
Identify core vocab for each subject area
Dr. Robert Marzano’s research, and that of numerous other vocabulary experts, reveals that students must interact with a single word numerous times. (Different researchers claim 12-17 exposures.) To ensure academic success, prioritize the academic vocabulary most worthy of that level of instructional time.
Julie Meitzler, principal at Bluffton Harrison Elementary (Bluffton, IN) shared the lists her teachers created.
Click below to access resources for each of Marzano’s 6 steps.