Define the Goal
Identify the reading skills per discipline
Access key resources
Identify textual differences
Adjust thinking every class period
Dissect the Expectations
Model expert thinking
Introduce the Reading Voice and Thinking Voice
Utilize Think Alouds while reading your course texts
Honor the 3 tiers of literacy
Recognize every teacher is a reading teacher
Study the reading standards
Dissect the content literacy standards
Apply close-reading techniques
Introduce the three phases of close reading
Compare each phase of close reading to a different “lens.”
GLASSES: Initially, readers comprehend on a surface level. They read to paraphrase/retell specific details, summarize the important concepts, and determine the main ideas.
MICROSCOPE: During a closer look, readers zoom in to analyze the text and evaluate author decisions about word choice, organization, and purpose.
TELESCOPE: With a deeper comprehension of the text, readers zoom out and integrate new understanding from the text with other texts and bigger ideas.
Teacher Lindsay Flood developed a fabulous close-reading activity using Oreo cookies to demonstrate the value in “reading” something more than once. For a description of the lesson, check out second grade teacher Allison Stuckey’s blog Who’s Who and Who’s New.
For the digital download, see Lindsay’s TpT store.
Model what and how to think while reading
Track story elements
Identify the character’s problem and solution
Use visual note-taking to jot textual details
Summarize the 5Ws of the event
Use the 5Ws template when there are numerous names, dates, and places to sort through. | Notebook version
Track simultaneous events
Read the text, fluently translating symbols to words
Determine the gist of the subject matter or the task to execute
Read flexibility using Transformation
Here is an example of information about plant and animal cells shown in both explanatory text and a diagram with the click of a mouse.
Read the science before discussing predictions
PHASE 2: Zoom in on the significant
Identify significant character choices or pivotal moments
Identify significant choices or pivotal moments in a character’s life.
Consider what the character was like before and after that moment. Then consider what caused the choice, decision, or change. | Template
Infer the author’s message within a text’s theme
Utilize the TheMe Foldable to demonstrate that the topic or category isn’t the theme. It’s the specific lesson within that topic that was learned.
Read passages outside the textbook to infer author perspective
Consider multiple perspectives
Analyze multiple accounts of the same topic/event
Analyze an event within the context of its historical time and place
Reread slowly and annotate relevant information
Emphasize little words with big meaning
Annotate scientific thinking while reading
Master specialized vocabulary
Use the Vocabulary Notebook template for students to maintain a resource of the essential science terms you are teaching.
Expedite vocabulary learning through root instruction
PHASE 3: Zoom out to integrate
Draw comparisons across literature
Make connections between cultural stories with different perspectives
Read a little; do a little
Support the connection between math and language
Corroborate information across multiple sources
The Blind Men & the Elephant
Maintain source-specific notes
Synthesize New Ideas
Move beyond summarizing to synthesizing
Combine details to achieve a deeper understanding
Small-Group Activity on Christopher Columbus
Collect details to infer reasons
Teach students how to collect, cut, group, and rank their details. Download a list of statements for/pro and against/con genetic engineering.
Observe a 30-minute lesson and activity executed in a Concord Junior High science class.