Literacy Retreat 2017
Crack the Code of Functional Vocabulary
Provide explicit instruction
After introducing the word, follow Marzano’s six steps for teaching a new word to mastery.
Step 1: Explain
Step 4: Develop
Step 2: Restate
Step 5: Refine
Step 3: Show
Step 6: Play
Marzano’s 6-step, systematic approach to teaching a vocabulary word includes: EXPLAIN, RESTATE, SHOW, DEVELOP, REFINE, & PLAY. Learn more by reading Building Background Knowledge for Academic Achievement.
Add a tech twist to Marzano’s six steps of vocabulary instruction. Expose students to various technology tools that they could utilize as they work with a word. These include apps, websites, and various digital resources.
SAME TEXT—DIFFERENT TASKS: Provide a single text. Generate 3-4 questions about the same content. Students use the text to answer the question/command.
Up the teacher talk in classroom routines
If you don’t use it,
they will lose it!
Once functional vocabulary has been introduced, then weave it into every facet of the classroom environment.
Barb Mahnesmith challenges her fifth graders to consider clue words or signal words that they notice in multiple-choice questions to prepare them to select the right answer(s).