Delivering Explicit & Engaging Comprehension Mini-Lessons
Make text-to-text connections
List comparable information about the two texts.
Compare authors’ perspectives
Make connections between cultural versions of a story or fairy tale.
Analyze multiple accounts of the same nonfiction topic/event.
Compare texts from different media
Make text-to-text connections between different formats of the same story.
Recognize a synthesis when it hits
Guide students to achieve a synthesis
After reading a powerful portion of a text (or the whole text), guide students to “bring it all together” and make a synthesis.
Combine details to synthesize new ideas
Generate a synthesis
Differentiate between the Reading Voice (SAY), the various thoughts of the Thinking Voice (MEAN), and the bigger syntheses of the reader (MATTER).
Identify new-to-you discoveries
A synthesis requires students to combine multiple thoughts together to determine the significance—why it all matters.
GENERATE ONE OF THREE TYPES OF SYNTHESES
Form a new thought:
In Tangled, Rapunzel realizes that she is the Lost Princess.
Deepen an initial thought:
In How to Train Your Dragon 2, Hiccup really sees the potential of training dragons.
Trace evolving thinking
Show students how to record individual thoughts to generate a new bigger aha.
Present a synthesis in writing
To the synthesis statement (the cake), the reader adds icing/frosting (textual support). The synthesis must be “covered” in evidence.